Data provide information about the past, while intelligence provides information about the future. Intelligence often relies on these data, but having all the data in the world does not give you any intelligence advantage if they are not used correctly.
U.S. invested millions of hours and billions of dollars in the Middle East. Yet the response to the recent popular uprisings sweeping the region seems one of mild shock at best and borderline ineptitude at worst. With all this investment in data gathering, how could we have not seen this coming?
Resource: Don’t confuse data with intelligence